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How does Victoza work?
Victoza (liraglutide) helps control blood sugar, insulin levels, and digestion by mimicking a naturally occurring hormone in the body.
In adults and children aged ten and older with type 2 diabetes, Victoza, together with diet and exercise, improves blood sugar control.
This drug may help reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks in people who have type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Many people take this medication after they have tried other diabetes medicines without success. Type 1 diabetes can not be treated with Victoza.
Before taking Victoza
Liraglutide is not recommended for people who are allergic to it, or if they have:
– Tumors in your glands resulting from multiple endocrine neoplastic disorder type 2;
– if you (or a family member) have or are diagnosed with medullary thyroid carcinoma (a type of thyroid cancer); or
– been diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis, get help.
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following conditions before taking Victoza:
– slow digestion caused by stomach problems;
– disease of the kidneys or liver;
– the presence of high triglycerides (its type in the blood);
– cardiovascular disease;
– if your pancreas or gallbladder has shown signs of trouble in the past;
– suicidal thoughts or mental health issues
Studies on animals have shown Victoza causes thyroid cancer. People using regular doses may also suffer from these effects. Tell your doctor or healthcare provider if this is the case for you.
Pregnant women or women who become pregnant should follow the instructions given to them by their doctors when taking Victoza. Diabetes must be controlled during pregnancy since both mother and baby can be affected by high blood sugar levels.
Using liraglutide while breastfeeding might be dangerous. Make sure to discuss any possible risks with your doctor.
People under the age of 18 are not permitted to use Victoza.
Warnings of Victoza
It is not recommended that you use Victoza if you have multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (tumors in your glands), medullary thyroid cancer, insulin-dependent diabetes, ketoacidosis, or a personal or family history these conditions.
It has been shown that liraglutide causes tumors or cancer in the thyroid in animal studies. Regular users of the drug may also experience these effects.
You need to call your doctor if you experience swelling or swelling in the neck, trouble swallowing, hoarseness, or shortness of breath, which are symptoms of a thyroid tumor.
Victoza: How should I use it?
Victoza is usually administered once a day. Consult the prescription label for complete instructions. A dose adjustment may be necessary occasionally. Using this drug for a more extended period or exceeding the recommended dose is not recommended.
Don’t use Victoza and Saxenda together. Please do not use these two brands together since they contain the same active ingredient.
Before using any medication, make sure you read the patient information, medication guide, and instruction sheet provided. Your pharmacist or doctor can give more details.
Victoza can be injected under the skin at any time of the day, with or without food. We will show you how to administer Victoza at home. If you are unsure how to inject or discard used needles and syringes properly, do not self-inject this medicine.
The injection pen comes prefilled with Victoza. Ask your pharmacist which type of needle you should use to use your pen correctly.
Your healthcare provider will determine the location of the injections on your body. It is recommended that each injection be given in a different place. Repeated injections in the same area are not recommended.
When this medication changes colors, becomes cloudy, or contains particles, don’t use it. Get new medicine from your pharmacist.
Diabetes patients are susceptible to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). These symptoms include headaches, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, feeling anxious or shaky, and hungry. Keep fast-acting sugars like fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda nearby for quick treatment of low blood sugar.
In case of severe hypoglycemia when you can’t eat or drink, your doctor may prescribe you a glucagon injection kit. Tell your family and close friends how to administer the injection if an emergency occurs.
In addition to these symptoms, hyperglycemia can cause increased thirst, urination, blurred vision, headaches, and fatigue.
When you are stressed, sick, having surgery, exercising, drinking alcohol, or skipping meals, your blood sugar levels can rise. Before changing your medication schedule or dose, speak with your doctor.
Always use disposable needles once. Throw away used needles and syringes following state and local laws. If you dispose of sharps, use a puncture-proof disposal container (your pharmacist will know where and how to get one). Be sure that your pet and children cannot access the container.
Victoza is only one component of a holistic treatment plan, including diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and medical treatment. Always follow instructions carefully when taking Victoza.
If they are not opened, Victoza injections need to be kept in the refrigerator. If Victoza becomes frozen, throw it away. Injecting a pen that has passed its expiration date should be avoided.
After your first use, keep injection pens at room temperature or in the refrigerator. Keep them out of direct sunlight, moisture, and heat. Do not store for longer than 30 days. The needle should be removed before holding an injection pen, and the cap should be kept on the pen when not in use.
Symptoms of Victoza
When you notice the following signs of being allergic to Victoza, get medical attention immediately: hives; fast heartbeats; dizziness; difficulty breathing or swallowing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
– heartbeats that race or pound;
– abrupt mood or behavior changes, thoughts of suicide;
– persistent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea;
– tumors of the thyroid often cause swelling or lumps in the neck, difficulty swallowing, hoarse voice, and shortness of breath;
– symptoms of gallbladder problems include jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), fever, upper stomach pain;
– symptoms of pancreatitis include stomach pains spreading to your back, nausea, vomiting, and an increased heart rate;
– signs and symptoms of extremely low blood sugar are confusion, tremors, sweating, fast heartbeat, trouble speaking, nausea, vomiting, rapid breathing, fainting, and seizures (convulsions);
– kidney problems can affect your urination, cause painful urination, cause swelling in your feet and ankles, and make you feel tired or short of breath.
Other side effects may occur besides those mentioned here. You should consult your doctor or healthcare provider if you experience any side effects. You may contact FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 for assistance.
Other Medications and Victoza
You may need to wait longer to absorb medicines taken by mouth when taking Victoza, which slows digestion.
Describe all the medications you are taking and start or stop talking to your doctor, healthcare professional, or medical expert, especially if you are taking insulin or oral diabetic medication.
The drug liraglutide may interact with other medicines, including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, and herbal products. The medication guide does not list all possible interactions.
Questions and Answers of Victoza
Missing a Victoza dose, what happens?
Use the next regularly scheduled dose instead of the missed one. Extra medicine cannot be taken to make up for the missed dose.
Victoza overdose: what happens?
Dial 1-800-222-1222 for Poison Help or seek emergency medical attention.
When using Victoza, what should I avoid?
You should never share a needle, syringe, or injection pen with anyone, even if it has been changed. It is possible to transmit disease or infection by sharing these devices.
How should Victoza be taken?
During the day, Victoza may be injected with or without food (generic name: liraglutide). However, to ensure you don’t forget to take your medicine, it’s better to develop a routine.
Victoza does not need to be adjusted based on meal times, the kind of food you eat, or how active you are.
Missed Victoza injections should be injected at your next scheduled injection. If you miss two Victoza injections, do not take them simultaneously.
Where and how do you use the Victoza pen?
Victoza (liraglutide) pen is a type 2 diabetes injectable medicine taken in conjunction with a healthy diet and exercise program. The injection is given once a day, with or without food, and is administered subcutaneously (under the skin).
This medication is prefilled in Victoza pens. Your doctor prescribes a dose that you should inject with the pen. The needle has to be changed every time.
Victoza pens hold varying amounts of doses depending on your quantity. With Victoza, the user can inject 0.6mg, 1.2mg, or 1.8mg per injection. It contains a total of 18 mg of Victoza. Your doctor will determine the dosage.
It would be best if you learned how to use the pen properly from a doctor, nurse, or pharmacist before using it for the first time. Each time you get a refill, make sure you read the instructions that came with your pen.
Do I need to refrigerate Victoza?
Victoza (liraglutide) should be stored in the refrigerator between 36oF and 46oF (2oC and 8oC) until used. It is not recommended to place the pen next to the refrigerator cooling element, as it could become too cold or freeze.
It is safe to store the pen at room temperature between 59°F and 86°F (15°C to 30°C) after you use it for the first time. If you do not need the pen, keep the cap on.
If stored at the proper temperature, your pen will last for 30 days after being used.
Victoza pens come with how many doses?
Victoza (liraglutide) pens contain different doses depending on the number of amounts you have taken. A Victoza pen injects approximately 0.6 mg, 1.2 mg, or 1.8 mg of Victoza are injected into the body. The Victoza pen contains 18 mg of Victoza. Your doctor will determine the dose you require.
Adults will use either the 1.2 mg once daily dose or the 1.8 mg once daily as the regular maintenance dose. It is ineffective in controlling blood sugar levels in adults and is used as a starting dose to reduce gastrointestinal (stomach) side effects.
For children, the 0.6 mg once daily dose can control blood sugar. 1.2 mg may be increased after one week if blood sugar control improves.